Music History is Thrilling!

13th Century Motet: O Mitissima – Virgo – Haec dies

Terms

13th century origins …
The word motet is derived from the French word “mot” which means “word”. The motet developed from the organum, which was an early genre of polyphonic music in which the upper voice was textless. The composers of the early motet applied text to the upper voices, which made the piece easier to sing. Sometimes only Latin was used and other times Latin and French were used in conjunction. Secular texts could be sung against sacred, creating a double meaning. The early motet was based on the foundation of plainchant presented in the tenor voice.
Cantus firmus …
It is the original Latin text from a plainsong which is presented in the tenor voice.
Tenor …
Tenor is derived from the Latin word “Tenere” which means “To hold”. The tenor voice would hold the cantus firmus in the early motet.
Duplum …
The term “duplum” could be applied to a polyphonic composition for two voices or also in reference to the voice sung above the tenor.
Triplum …
The term “triplum” could be applied to a polyphonic composition for three voices or also in reference to second voice above the tenor.
Polytextuality …
The early motet was composed with multiple texts which were sung simultaneously. The multiple texts could be either sacred or secular.
Ostinato …
An ostinato is a pattern which could be rhythmic, melodic, or harmonic. Often the tenor would present the cantus firms in an ostinato.

“O Mitissima – Virgo – Haec dies”

This motet is easily identified as a polytextual composition by only a glance at the title which presents the first line in all three voices. We can also conclude from the title that all the texts are sung in Latin. The cantus firmus is presented as a rhythmic ostinato in the tenor: long-long-short-long. The triplum and duplum are presenting praise to the Virgin Mary while the tenor is singing Haec dies “This is the day”. The most prominent harmonic intervals heard in the piece are open fifths and octaves. The upper two voices frequently cross over each other. The rhythm generally follows the contour of the tenor’s ostinato. A triple meter is used which to the Medieval ear symbolises the perfection of the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Ghost).

All information on this article is derived from: Joseph Machlis and Kristine Forney. The Enjoyment of Music, Eight Edition, Standard Version, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1999. Janet Lopinski, Joe Ringhofer, and Peteris Zarins. Exploring Music History, A Guided Approach, Mississauga, Ontario: Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter
15 comments (show) ▼

Bob

Thanks! It helped me a lot, i have a test this friday, music history really IS THRILLING!

Mozart Is Cool :)

Hi, I was wondering where I could get the score for this?

Isabel Bowman

This site is brilliant. THANK YOU.

Marco

Can u add the basic facts with all the songs, like composition date or composer?

城東テクノ 高気密型壁点検口 「断熱タイプ 455×455」 <1セット> 外寸:471mm×

2.良いポスト。私は、複数の更新プログラムのために楽しみにしています。

【楽天市場】野釣り用 ヘラウキ パイプトップ 泉美 全長15.5~19cm 5本 セット R13IZUM

これは本当にある適切|この主題トピックについて学習したいと考えている誰のためのブログウェ。 (一緒に議論する、そのほとんど厳しい多くないそのI 本当にあなたが知っています)ハハ…したいです。あなたは確か年の間について書かれてthatsの| 対象が話題 ために完全な新しいスピン置きます。 優秀もの、ちょうど素晴らしい!このライトアップに| 関数作業を、I 実際に信じてこの顕著 サイト要件が追加

【楽天市場】硬調 カーボン 渓流竿 雄風 1000 9.6m 約477g 回転式穂先リリアン 【R14x

顕著あります。私は考えます。作成 特定 いいまた、関数内のポイント。

食パンミックス パンミックス siroca 贅沢食パンミックス ホームベーカリー SHB-

あなたは本質的なを得ています!あなたはいくつかは、私のブログの記事を招待するにしたいでしょうか?

タキズミ リモコン付LEDシーリングライト(~8畳) TLX-822 調光?調色(昼光色~

鯨siddoneフローリングヌリ無意識センティスのstannieのmuskett不機嫌

スーパーコピーロレックス,品質保証も安心のロレックスコピー通販サイトHoshiwatch.CoM.ロレックススーパーコピー時計続々入荷中!!!当店は本物と区分けが付かないようなN品スーパーコピ

[url=http://www.brandiwc.com/brand-6-copy-0.html]スーパーコピーロレックス,品質保証も安心のロレックスコピー通販サイトHoshiwatch.CoM.ロレックススーパーコピー時計続々入荷中!!!当店は本物と区分けが付かないようなN品スーパーコピーロレックス腕時計等を扱っております.[/url]

は素晴らしい万「FUN」の型の表をシンクロ以外にも、Swatch香港区開設の首の間の旗艦店を開店し、強力な販売網を構築。スーパーコピーブランドMr . Kevin Rollenhagen衆がナンシーだと、城の女

梅表会社総裁のダニエル・史洛普(ダニエルSchluep)初めて見张奇開の絵に一目惚れしてパンダと感動に加え、パンダはかわいくて、おとなしくて、平和のイメージは、更に勾よう大衆に絶

のボールは本質的に時間と日/日付を合併した腕時計です。ボールは、スイスのイータ2836自動運動の修正版を使用しています。ボールによれば、運動の彼らの衝撃保護システムが与えられま

継初北京後、今回のTIMEX(タイメックス)大型展開は洛陽、東莞、連雲港、深セン、武漢、上海の多数の都市が行われ、TIMEX(タイメックス)「時て進む」新ブランドイメージ各地の消費者

I am somebody

Hey, can you make some tests for the Renaissance and the Middle Ages? I know that it takes time, but could you do it? Thank you!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share this!