Music History is Thrilling!

Renaissance Mass and Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Terms

Mass
An important component of Roman Catholic worship which includes a reenactment of the Last Supper (Eucharist), prayers, and Scripture reading. The prayers were divided into two categories, proper and ordinary.

  • Proper … The prayers of mass in which the text changes according to the church calendar.
  • Ordinary … The prayers of mass in which the texts would remain the same throughout the church calendar. With the rise of polyphony in the Renaissance era, the ordinary became the most prominent composition. There are five sections:
    • Kyrie … Is the first section of the ordinary and is a prayer for mercy.
    • Gloria … Is the second section of the ordinary and is a hymn of praise.
    • Credo … Is the third section of the ordinary and is a statement of faith.
    • Sanctus … Is the fourth section of the ordinary and is a declaration of God’s holiness.
    • Agnus Dei … Is the fifth section of the ordinary.
Protestant reformation
Reformer, Martin Luther, led a revolt against the Roman Catholic church, wanting to return to the practises of the early church. He revolt initiated the protestant movement. Luther was the composer of many battle hymns of the reformation which were typically sung in the vernacular and in homophonic texture with the melody carried by the soprano. These chorales were later used by Baroque composers for the framework of some sacred cantatas
Martin Luther
The leader of the protestant reformation, Luther was also a composer of the battle hymns. These battle hymns, chorales, were homophonic in texture with the soprano carrying the melody. Luther desired his services to be carried out in the vernacular
Counter-Reformation
The Roman Catholic Church responded to the protestant revolt with the counter-reformation in which the church concluded that true Christian piety must be returned to the church
Council of Trent
(1545-1563) The council was a group of cardinals who were assigned the task of regulating music during the counter reformation. They abolished the use of some instruments, secular texts, and extravagant embellishments. Some wished to abolish polyphony entirely but the other music loving members of the council disagreed on so drastic a move. Virtuosity was discouraged and extravagance discouraged. Clarity and purity of text to encourage pious worship was required

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)

It is presumed that Palestrina was the answer to the demands of the Council of Trent, as much of his music is written with great text clarity striving for a pure vocal style. Giovanni experimented with combinations of varying textures, varying pitches and varying amounts of voices. His employment with the church allowed him the opportunity to write a great quantity of sacred vocal music. He also wrote some secular vocal music, of which later he regretted having wrote.

Missa Papae Marcelli (Pope Marcellus Mass) (Gloria)

This serenely beautiful mass was written in 1567 and was one of the ordinary. As the mass is typically sung in a capella, it is thought that the work was written as a response to the demands of the Council of Trent. The mass frequently shifts texture, vocal density, vocal range, and Palestrina cautiously applies decoration to aid the clarity of text. It was written for six voices, which could be sung by an all male choir requiring a young boy or male falsetto to sing the soprano line. Vocal purity shines in this magnificent work. The opening line “Gloria in excelsis Deo” (Glory to God in the highest) is sung in a monophonic texture by a solo voice, probably originally sung by the leading celebrant or officiating priest, then answered by a line which displays clear word declamation in carefully woven together polyphonic texture.

All information on this article is derived from: Joseph Machlis and Kristine Forney. The Enjoyment of Music, Eight Edition, Standard Version, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1999. Janet Lopinski, Joe Ringhofer, and Peteris Zarins. Exploring Music History, A Guided Approach, Mississauga, Ontario: Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited
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7 comments (show) ▼

Anonymous

mass is a form of sacred musical composition by rocel d. duaves

Anonymous

Aprendi mucho

shanon

De nada! :)

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23分で分のマーカーを1958年ミュンヘン空気災害において彼らの命を失った人々の記念になって、8人のプレーヤーと15の他の魂を主張した。より幸せな時代は、ボールドでマークされ、赤7時

23分で分のマーカーを1958年ミュンヘン空気災害において彼らの命を失った人々の記念になって、8人のプレーヤーと15の他の魂を主張した。より幸せな時代は、ボールドでマークされ、赤7時アワーマーカー、多くのワールドクラスの数を七つ身がユナイテッドのシャツに対する敬意を払います。再度ナンバー7、9と10に加えて、赤でハイライトされる分のマーカーによって参照:これらの3つのジャージ番号・ユナイテッドの「聖三位一体に装着し、「最高の法とチャールトン。また、20分のマーカーは、クラブは、その歴史でも英語がほとんどによって勝ったチームのリーグ・タイトルの数を祝うために赤で取り出される。 http://www.gowatchs.com/brand-199.html

また、ロレックス支持を高協と世界トップゴルフ大会機構の連絡、:サン・アンドリュースロイヤル古いゴルフクラブ(R&A)、アメリカPGA、女子プロゴルフ協会(LPGA)、アメリカゴルフ

また、ロレックス支持を高協と世界トップゴルフ大会機構の連絡、:サン・アンドリュースロイヤル古いゴルフクラブ(R&A)、アメリカPGA、女子プロゴルフ協会(LPGA)、アメリカゴルフ協会(USGA)、ヨーロッパツアー(Europeanツアー)、アメリカ名人戦(ザMaters)靑少年、アメリカゴルフ協会(AJGA)、PGAツアー(PGAツアー)を賛助中国ゴルフ協会と世界級のゴルフ大会組織と協力を含むエビアンマスターズ(Evianマスターズ)とエビアン靑少年マスターズ(ジュニアEvianマスターズ)。中国のゴルファーの訓练プロジェクトや靑少年の育成プロジェクトをロレックスの支持を得る。ロレックス_スーパーコピー時計サン・アンドリュースロイヤル古いゴルフクラブ(R&A)(美、カナダ、墨のほかにゴルフ競技の管理担当機関)に出版された『ゴルフルール』(RulesオブGolf)と言われるロブ運動の権威の典籍、本の中国語版の出版をロレックスまでの独占賛助。また、同項の戦略的協力のパートナー関係を深めると同じくきっと気ままなその後ロレックス国内トップゴルフ競技の関係を含む:例えば、ボルボオープン(Volvoチャイナの)、アジアアマチュア选手権(アジアンAmateur Championships)と世界選手権- HSBC选手権(WGC HSBC WorldGolf Championships) http://www.okakaku.com/Super-Copy-514.html

今日発表し、別の1つのバージョンの遅いが、拡張型ブロックを非常に有限会社、オメガスーパーコピー1線独特の腕時計、豚の特徴A制作の彫刻は、ウィラード維岡。一種の ロバート件1は一

今日発表し、別の1つのバージョンの遅いが、拡張型ブロックを非常に有限会社、オメガスーパーコピー1線独特の腕時計、豚の特徴A制作の彫刻は、ウィラード維岡。一種の ロバート件1は一番新しく、添加していない以下のブロックは、可視模型特色Aヨット、A A Aハチドリ、ファルコンと甚だしきに至っては部落マスク。 http://www.bestevance.com/rolex/submariner/index.htm

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